14.2 C
London
Tuesday, May 28, 2024
HomeIncome TaxSalaried Individual: Income Tax Allowance And Deductions Allowed

Salaried Individual: Income Tax Allowance And Deductions Allowed

Related stories

Learn About Opening an Automobile Repair Shop in India

Starting a car repair shop is quite a good...

Unlocking the Power: Embracing the Benefits of Tax-Free Investing

  Unlocking the Power: Embracing the Benefits of Tax-Free Investing For...

Income Splitting in Canada for 2023

  Income Splitting in Canada for 2023 The federal government’s expanded...

Can I Deduct Home Office Expenses on my Tax Return 2023?

Can I Deduct Home Office Expenses on my Tax...

Canadian Tax – Personal Tax Deadline 2022

  Canadian Tax – Personal Tax Deadline 2022 Resources and Tools...

Income tax is levied by the government on the basis of the income of individuals, corporations, firms, and other legal entities. Individuals or organizations are taxed according to their ability to pay as determined by their income and other financial resources. Income tax rates vary from country to country and may also vary depending on the type of income. The most common types of income taxes are progressive tax, where the tax rate increases as income increases, and regressive tax, where the tax rate decreases as income increases. 

Income tax allowances and deductions are two key concepts that are closely related to each other. An allowance is a certain amount of money that is exempt from taxation. This means that the person or entity will not have to pay taxes on this amount. A deduction, on the other hand, is an amount of money that can be deducted from taxable income. This means that the person or entity will only have to pay taxes on net income after deducting the deductions.

Did You Know? Income tax allowances and deductions available to salaried individuals can help you save money. 

Income Tax Allowances  

In India, several allowances and deductions are available to taxpayers to help reduce their tax liability. Some common allowances include the standard deduction, the deduction for interest on home loans, and the deduction for medical expenses. Several deductions are available for specific taxpayers. These include the deduction for charitable donations, the deduction for taxes paid on income from other sources, and the deduction for losses incurred in a business.  

Different Types Of Allowance

The Income Tax Act provides for several types of allowances to be deducted from total income to arrive at taxable income. The deductions are provided under Sections 80C to 80U of the Income Tax Act, 1961. 

Also Read: TDS Challan ITNS 281- Pay TDS Online With E- Payment Tax

Diverse Types Of Allowances Under the Income Tax Act 

Allowances can either reduce an individual’s total taxable income or qualify as tax-exempt income.

1. Standard Deduction 

A standard deduction is a deduction of a fixed amount from gross total income. The amount of deduction is ₹40,000 for FY 2019-20 (AY 2020-21). This deduction is available to salaried taxpayers. 

2. House Rent Allowance (HRA) 

House rent allowance is a deduction available to salaried taxpayers who are paying rent for their accommodation. The deduction is available up to a maximum of 40% of salary or 5,000 per month, whichever is less. 

3. Transport Allowance

Transport allowance is a deduction available to salaried taxpayers for the cost of commuting to their place of work. The deduction is available up to a maximum of 1,600 per month. 

4. Leave Travel Allowance (LTA)

Leave travel allowance is a deduction available to salaried taxpayers for the cost of travel incurred for availing leave from their place of work. The deduction is available up to a maximum of 3,000 per person per year. 

5. Educational Allowance

Educational allowance is a deduction available to salaried taxpayers for the cost of education of their children. The deduction is available up to a maximum of 1,000 per month per child. 

6. Medical Allowance: Medical allowance is a deduction available to salaried taxpayers for the cost of medical treatment for themselves or their family members. The deduction is available up to a maximum of 15,000 per year. 

7. Entertainment Allowance

Entertainment allowance is a deduction available to salaried taxpayers for the cost of entertaining guests. The deduction is available up to a maximum of 5,000 per month. 

8. Tax Deduction at Source (TDS)

A tax deduction at source is a deduction of tax at the source of income. TDS is deducted by the employer when the employee is paid a salary. The deduction is available at the rate of 10% of the salary. 

9. Income from House Property

Income from house property is exempt from tax up to a maximum of 1,50,000. The exemption is available for self-occupied or let-out properties. 

10. Capital Gains

Capital gains are exempt from tax up to a maximum of 1,00,000. The exemption is available for long-term capital gains. 

Also Read: Everything About Income Tax Slabs for FY 2021-22 (AY 2022-23)

Allowed Deductions for Salaried Individuals 

Several deductions are available for salaried individuals in India. These deductions are available under various sections of the Income Tax Act and can be claimed by the taxpayer to reduce their taxable income. 

Standard Deduction

The most common deduction that is available for salaried individuals is the standard deduction. This deduction is allowed under Section 80 of the Income Tax Act and can be claimed by the taxpayer to reduce their taxable income by a certain amount. The standard deduction is available to all taxpayers regardless of their income level. 

House Rent Deduction

Another deduction that is available for salaried individuals is the house rent allowance. This deduction is available under section 80GG of the income tax act and can be claimed by the taxpayer to reduce their taxable income by a certain amount. The house rent allowance is provided for taxpayers who pay rent for their residence.  

Medical Deduction

The deduction for medical expenses is also available for salaried individuals. This deduction is available under Section 80D of the Income Tax Act and can be claimed by the taxpayer to reduce their taxable income by a certain amount. The deduction for medical expenses is available for taxpayers who are incurring medical expenses for themselves or their family members. 

Home Loan

The deduction for interest on a home loan is also available for salaried individuals. This deduction is available under Section 80E of the Income Tax Act and can be claimed by the taxpayer to reduce their taxable income by a certain amount. The deduction for interest on home loans is available for taxpayers who pay interest on their home loans. 

Charitable Donation

The deduction for charitable donations is also available for salaried individuals. This deduction is available under Section 80G of the Income Tax Act and can be claimed by the taxpayer to reduce their taxable income by a certain amount. The deduction for charitable donations is available for taxpayers making donations to charitable organizations. 

Also Read: Challan 280 : How To Pay Your Income Tax Online With Challan 280

Types Of Deductions Available 

Several deductions can be claimed under Section 80 of the Income Tax Act. These deductions are available for individuals and Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs). 

Section 80C

This deduction can be claimed for investments in specified instruments like PPF, life insurance premiums, ELSS, etc., up to a maximum of 1.5 lakh in a financial year. 

Section 80CCC

This deduction can be claimed for investment in annuity plans of LIC or any other insurer up to a maximum of 1.5 lakh in a fiscal year. 

Section 80CCD 

This deduction can be claimed for investment in the National Pension Scheme (NPS) up to a maximum of 1.5 lakh in a budget year. 

Section 80D 

This deduction can be claimed for the payment of health insurance premiums up to a maximum of 25,000 in a financial year. A higher deduction of 30,000 can be claimed if the health insurance premium is paid for self, spouse, and dependent children. An additional deduction of 25,000 can be claimed if the health insurance premium is paid for parents who are senior citizens. 

Section 80E 

This deduction can be claimed for interest payment on education loans taken for self, spouse, or dependent children up to a maximum of 4 lakhs in a financial year. 

Section 80G

This deduction can be claimed for donations made to specified institutions and funds up to 10% of adjusted gross income.  

Section 80GG 

This deduction can be claimed by individuals who do not have any other source of income other than salary and do not live in a self-owned or rented house, for rent paid up to a maximum of 5,000 per month. 

Section 80TTA 

This deduction can be claimed for interest earned on a savings bank account up to a maximum of 10,000 in a financial year. 

Tax Allowance and Deductions for the Financial Year 2022-23

In India, the following are the major tax allowances and deductions available for the financial year 2022-2023 (the assessment year 2022-2023):

  • Section 80C: This section allows a deduction of up to 1.5 lakhs for investments in specified savings instruments such as ELSS funds, PPF, NSC, etc.
  • Section 80D: Taxpayers can claim a deduction of up to 60,000 for health insurance premium payments for themselves, their spouses, and their children.
  • House Rent Allowance (HRA): Taxpayers who live on rent can claim a deduction for the amount of HRA received, subject to certain conditions.
  • Section 80CCD(1B): A deduction of up to 50,000 is available for contributions made to the National Pension Scheme (NPS).
  • Section 80E: Taxpayers can claim a deduction for interest paid on education loans.
  • Section 24: Taxpayers can claim a deduction of up to 2 lakhs for interest paid on a home loan for a self-occupied property.

These are some of the major tax deductions and allowances available in India for the financial year 2022-2023. It is recommended to consult a tax professional to know more about the deductions and allowances available and to maximize your tax savings.

Also Read: Income Tax in India: Basics, Slabs and E-filing Process

 Things To Consider In Deduction

Deductions are amounts that you can deduct from your taxable income. The first step in making the most of your allowances and deductions is understanding what they are and how they work. Allowances reduce your taxable income, while deductions reduce your tax liability. You can take advantage of deductions if you have a high income. Deductions can reduce your tax liability by a significant amount. You can also take advantage of allowances by contributing to a retirement account. Overall, the most effective way to make the most of your allowances and deductions is to understand how they work and how you can use them to your advantage. By learning about these tax breaks, you can save yourself a significant amount of money.  

Conclusion 

The income tax act provides certain allowances and deductions available to salaried individuals. As a result, taxable income and tax liabilities are reduced. However, it is extremely necessary to understand the nature and extent of these allowances and deductions to avail of them correctly. They assume that the assesses must incur certain expenses while earning their income. Deductions, on the other hand, are available only if the assesses incur the relevant expenditure. The amount of tax liability can be significantly reduced by availing of the various allowances and deductions available under the Income Tax Act.  
Follow Legaltree for the latest updates, news blogs, and articles related to micro, small and medium businesses (MSMEs), business tips, income tax, GST, salary, and accounting.

Subscribe

- Never miss a story with notifications

- Gain full access to our premium content

- Browse free from up to 5 devices at once

Latest stories