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Difference Between Net, Take-Home, Gross Salary & CTC

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The net salary, which is also known as take-home salary, is the amount of your salary that you receive after all deductions are made. The deductions are made from the CTC, i.e., cost to the company and include things like income tax (TDS), PPF (public provident fund), professional tax, and so on. Gross salary is the total salary that a company pays to an employee before deductions, and net salary is what an employee receives after deductions. Therefore, the net salary is lower than the gross salary. The CTC is the sum of all significant contributions, indirect effects, and direct benefits. The net salary is the total of all immediate benefits after all tax deductions, such as income tax.

Basic pay is an agreed-upon pay scale between an employer and the employees that do not include overtime or other benefits. The company’s cost is the amount mentioned by the company when hiring the employee. Meal coupons from various companies, such as Sodexo, are frequently included in allowances. Because all of these features are added together, the total CTC is formed. CTC pay is unique in that it is due to several factors. When the company’s cost varies, so will the worker’s take-home pay as well as net salary. 

Did you know?

If an employee surrenders their salary to the central government under section 2 of the Voluntary Surrender of Salaries Act, 1961, then the surrender will be excluded from the calculation of salary income.

Basic Salary

The basic salary is the basic income of an employee. Employees’ basic salary is the sum they are paid before any deductions or increases for overtime, bonuses, or allowances. As a result, the base income doesn’t include bonuses, compensation or any other benefits from the company. The basic salary is the foundation of an employee’s pay. The basic salary may increase through promotions. The basic salary of an employee has to be a minimum of 50% to 60% of their gross salary.

Basic income varies depending on the industry. Employees in the IT industry, for example, consider take-home pay, but employees in manufacturing organisations receive more fringe perks.

Also Read: Salary Calculator 2022-23 – Take Home Salary Calculator India

Calculating a Basic Salary

The basic salary is used to compute the other components of the compensation because it is the basis of revenue. An employee’s basic income will not be increased if they obtain a bonus during the year. Thus, until and unless an employee negotiates, the basic pay doesn’t change.

Gross salary = Basic salary + HRA (House rent allowance) + MA (medical allowance) + DA (dearness allowance)

Liability for Basic Salary Taxes

As basic pay is taxable, it shouldn’t be more than 40% of the total expenditure to any organisation. However, if the maintenance is too low, this will result in a reduction in the components of the compensation. As per the records, personnel at the junior level often get a larger basic salary than those at the senior level. If an employee’s basic salary is high, then they will be required to pay the tax for it.

Gross Salary

A person’s gross income is a yearly or monthly salary which is done before any cuttings are done. Some of the most visible components of gross salary are basic salary, HRA, PF, leave travel allowance, medical allowance, professional tax, and so on.

Gross salary is the yearly or monthly income given before any cuttings. There are distinctions between net and gross salaries and basic and gross salaries. Employees for these services are typically offered a gross salary as their CTC, which is an abbreviation for the cost to the company. The “CTC” refers to an expense a company has to input on an employee for a year. 

Different Components of Gross Salary

  1. Salary, salary arrears, pension component overtime payment, pension component overtime payment gratuity component, ex-gratia, fee or remuneration, and performance-related cash awards.
  2. Allowances such as HRA, leave travel allowance, dearness allowance, medical allowance, and other perks.
  3. Rent for electricity, water, lodging, etc.
  4. Pension for a previous employer.


Difference Between Gross and Basic Salary

A basic salary is an agreed rate of pay between the employer and an employee that doesn’t include extra time or additional compensation. However, a gross salary is an amount to be paid before any taxes and after any deductions, and it includes extra time pay and add-ons. For example, if an employee’s gross salary is ₹ 40,000 and basic income is ₹ 18,000, they will be paid ₹ 18,000 as a fixed income in add-on to any other allowances such as HRA, dearness allowance, transportation, communication, or other allowances.

Cost to Company (CTC)

The cost to the company is the amount suggested by a company while hiring the employee. Cost to the company includes many components, including provident fund (PF), HRA, medical allowance, and other allowances. Allowances frequently include meal coupons from different companies like Sodexo. Office rent, and cab services, among other things. Essentially, when all of these elements are added together, they form the total CTC.

Simply put, CTC is the amount of money spent by a company for hiring and retaining employees. It is a different pay because it is based on a variety of factors. When the cost to the company differs, so does the employee’s take-home pay or net salary. Individuals can correct this by matching the cost to a company with the amount they will get.

CTC is the sum of the benefits, which are the direct one (the amount paid on a yearly basis), the indirect one (the amount paid by the employee by the employer), and savings contributions.

CTC = Indirect Benefit + Direct Benefit + Savings contributions.

Net Salary

Net salary is the sum of the amount received after removing taxes or any other expenses. Also known as take-home salary, it is the in-hand pay received after deducting income tax at source (TDS) and other deductions. Net salary is a sum of income tax reductions, PPF, and other professional taxes deducted from gross pay, which is

Take-home Salary = Gross Salary – TDS – Employees Provident Fund – Professional Tax 

Employee provident funds and PPF are a set percentage of an employee’s income, typically no less than 12% of the basic pay. Gratuity, on the other side, is a percentage of the basic salary, typically 4.81% of the employee’s basic pay. The basic salary should be at least 50%-60% of the gross salary.

As a result, an employee’s pay should look like this-

Take-home Pay / Net Salary = Direct benefit – Deductions (taxes, PF, etc.)

For example, Mr A’s salary:

Mr A’s salary falls within the ₹ 2,50,001₹ 5,00,000 range, so he is subject to the 10% tax slab.

Mr A’s annual salary is ₹ 3,60,074.

Mr A’s income would be increased by 10% to ₹ 36,007.

So, after taxes and other deductions, Mr A’s income would be ₹ 3,24,066.

Difference Between Gross and Net Salary

Gross Salary is the amount that individuals earn after deducting benefits and allowances but before any tax deductions. Among the components of the gross amount are HRA, Conveyance Allowance, and Medical Allowance. Gross Salary is the maximum amount of the salary after tax deductions. Employers compute it by totalling all payments.

Gross Salary= Basic Salary + HRA + Other Allowances

Also Read: Standard Deduction for Salaried Individuals – FY 2021-22

Individuals receive holiday pay, incentives, and other benefits based on their gross income.

Net salary is the amount that employees receive after deducting PF, insurance, and other benefits. IT, Professional Tax, PF, Pension, and so on are all components of net income. It is usually less than the gross pay after all taxes are deducted. Employers compute it by deducting penalties and mandatory taxes.

Gross Salary – Applicable Deductions = Net Salary.

Individuals do not need to pay tax at different levels in the case of net pay because a significant amount is deducted before the final payment of salary.


An employee’s basic salary is his or her basic income. The basic salary of an employee is the amount people are charged before every tax payment or rise for extra pay, bonuses, or allowances. The foundation income also does not include company bonuses, compensation, or other benefits. If an employee joins, their base salary may rise each year. The minimum wage varies based on the sector. Employees in the technology industry, e.g., consider take-home pay, whereas employees in manufacturing organisations receive more perks. Since it is the foundation of revenue, basic pay is often used to calculate another component of compensation.

As a result, unless and until the employee bargains, the basic pay remains unchanged. Because basic pay is subject to taxation, it should not exceed 40% of the total budget of any company. However, if the upkeep is too low, the constituents of the compensation will be reduced. A people’s gross income is an annual or month-by-month salary paid before any deductions are made. The annual pay is the annual or month-by-month income before any deductions. Employees for these solutions are typically paid an annual pay as their CTC, which is a shortened version of the company’s cost. The term CTC does refer to an expense that a company must incur on an employee over a year.
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