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What Is Long Term Capital Gains Tax?

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The long-term capital gains tax charge was presented in the Union Budget of 2018. Each individual is obligated to pay LTCG after selling capital resources surpassing ₹1 lakh. One can follow the previously mentioned subtleties to find out about charges on long capital increases.

It was adopted in the Union Budget of 2018, and value gains above ₹1 lakh on shares sold in the wake of holding them for one year are charged at 10%. Nonetheless, the capital increases charge for people in the most elevated section of income comes to around 15% comprehensive of a cess in the LTCG formula.

Long-term capital additions come about by selling capital resources possessed for over one year and are dependent upon an assessment of 0%, 15%, or 20%. There is a level 28% capital increase charge on gains connected with craftsmanship, collectables, gems, valuable metals, stamp assortments, currencies and different collectables, no matter what you pay.

Did you know?

Calculated capital gains and misfortunes are treated as either long haul or present moment, contingent upon how long you held the property. On the off chance that you kept it for one year or less, the addition or misfortune is the present moment, and your ordinary personal assessment rate applies. Long haul gains are charged at a lower rate.

Also Read: Capital Gains Tax – Definition, Types, Exemptions & Tax Saving

Long term Capital Gains Tax (LTCG)

The LTCG full form is long-term capital gains. Ventures that give returns throughout an extended time frame are called long-term capital gains tax increases or LTCG. Every one of the ventures that proposition returns in periods between 1 and 3 years can be called long-term capital additions.

Whenever anybody makes a venture of LTCG tax, it is quite often with the perspective of getting a return from that venture.These profits are long-term capital gains and can be incorporated back from ventures like common assets, zero-coupon government securities, etc.

Short Term Capital Gains (STCG)

An asset held for 36 months or less is a short-term capital asset. The criteria of 36 months have been reduced to 24 months for immovable properties such as land, building and house property from FY 2017-18.

Difference between LTCG and STCG:

What Qualifies as Long Term Capital Increases?

Regarding what is considered a drawn-out capital addition, the principle says that assets that give returns in periods going from 1 year to 3 years can be viewed as long-term capital gains tax. That’s what this intends assuming an individual has held ventures for quite some time before moving it; then, at that point, the profits from the venture at the hour of the move will be viewed as a drawn-out capital increase. A portion of the investments that can create long term capital additions are mentioned below.

Sale of Property

Whenever you sell a property you have held for about three years, the cash you get from the deal can be viewed as long-term capital additions.

Sale of Rural or Agricultural Land

As the offer of property, if agricultural land is sold in the wake of being held for 1 to 3 years, the profits are viewed as long-term capital additions.

Common Asset Ventures

Assuming you put resources into shared assets and hold the investments for around one year, the profits that you get from the venture will be named long-term capital increases.


The profits from interests in stocks and bonds additionally qualify as long-term capital increases since these ventures also might be held for expanded timeframes.

Also Read: How Do You Calculate Taxes on Income Generated From Share Sales?

How Are Long-term Capital Gains Determined?

The calculation of long-term capital additions is a genuinely straightforward interaction. You purchase a resource at the present worth; that is your cost; you then, at that point, sell it a couple of years after the fact at a price that is higher than whatever you got for it. You might expect that the sum that has been procured far beyond what you spent is your capital addition, yet it’s not.

To work out the increase, you want the underlying venture’s expense, the cost you sold it, and the expense expansion list. The last part is a file that the public authority distributes to illuminate individuals about the expansion that changes the resource cost.

The technique for ascertaining the addition is:

Stage 1: Filed cost of securing = price tag X (CII of the year of procurement/CII of year of the offer)

Stage 2: Genuine addition = deal cost – ordered cost of securing

To ascertain the capital additions, let us take a model. Raj has purchased a house for which he has paid ₹ 20 lakhs. Long term capital gain tax rate after five years, he needs to sell the house and figure out how to do such for ₹35 lakhs. Presently, for his situation, let us accept that the expense expansion file (CII) at the hour of purchasing the house was ₹543 and that at its hour was ₹667 to sell the house.

The recorded expense of securing will be: ₹20,00,000 X (₹667/₹543) = ₹24,56,722

The additions will be: ₹35,00,000₹24,56,722 = ₹10,43,278

The Charge on Long Term Capital Gains

The fundamental assessment of LTCG tax on long-term capital increases is 20%, with an expansion of extra cess and overcharges like training cess at whatever point they are material. With an end goal to facilitate the weight of big expenses, the public authority has likewise accommodated specific exemptions under unique conditions. Whenever an increase is qualified for such exceptions, their assessment may decrease from 20% to 10%. The extra charges and cess material will stay as they are.

Expecting that the addition, on account of Raj and the house that he sold, fits the bill for no exclusions, we can now determine the expense payable by him. The available sum for his situation will be ₹10,43,278. So the cost payable will be:

Charge = 20% of gain = ₹2,08,655

Charge Cess of 3% = ₹2,14,914

The Exceptions to LTGC Tax

Since the public authority perceives that much of the time, the duty payable might come up to a gigantic sum, it accommodates a touch of alleviation by taking into account specific exceptions that either facilitate the expense payable or eliminate it. These exceptions are:

  • Concerning trading of properties, assuming that the cash acquired from the offer of a property is put resources into another inside 1 to 2 years, the increases are excluded from the charge. This exclusion will likewise not matter, assuming the property sold or moved in no less than three years of procurement.
  • If the sum acquired from a drawn-out capital addition is put resources into the Capital Increases Record Plan, it could be absolved from charge. At times, returns for common asset ventures held for longer than one year will likewise not be available according to the board’s resources’ offers.



The long-term capital gains tax is the benefits that you make on selling capital resources, including stocks and shared reserves. When you do such, the benefits go under the ‘pay’ class for which you want to pay charges in the year the increases are made. This article intends to improve on the idea of capital additions LTCG tax.

Once a venture is sold, capital increases charges due. As it were, “capital resources,” like stocks, bonds, gems, mint piece assortments and land, are dependent upon capital additions charges. Benefits from resources held for over a year are burdened as long-term gains.
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